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What are the Various Types of Animal Feeds for Your Horse?

Black and brown horses eating
Posted: Mar 19, 2018 at 4:29 am   /   by   /   comments (0)

There are various types of horse feeds, with each type presenting particular nutritional values. Every horse has a specific diet plan, and knowing that will mean better health and performance from the animal.

Here are the various types of animal feeds you can include in your horse’s diet.

Forages

These are the fundamental sources of almost all nutrients that horses require. They include feeds such as pasture feeding and hay, and they should form the main part of any horse’s diet. Legumes, cut or dried grass should make up the hay that you’ll feed to your horses. It is available in cubes, pellets or bale forms.

Energy feeds

Energy feeds have high-calorie content, which gives the animal high energy levels. Besides giving energy, these type of feed also provides nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and proteins. They are also commercially known as concentrates owing to their high concentration and density of nutrients when compared to forage. They include: rice bran, beet pulp, cereal grains and oils.

Common feeds

Also known as commercial feeds, these comprise a mixture of proteins, vitamins, by-products, minerals and cereal grains. They are available in three major forms: pellet feed, extruded feeds and textured feeds. Manufacturers process pellet feed in various sizes. Extruded feed, however, goes through processing more than pellet under high heat and pressure levels. Lastly, textured or sweet feed has visible particles and grains, and in most cases the meal includes molasses.

In addition to sufficient feeds that contain all the nutrients, adequate water is essential to your equine’s diet. A horse consumes, typically, 5 to 10 gallons daily, which depends on temperature levels and activities. All the meals you give your horse should match the equine’s work regimen. You can consult a vet to avoid feeding your horse the wrong way. This way, you ensure the health and performance of your horse.